Originally Posted by TonySinclair
Herod the Great was the last king of Judea. Archelaus was an ethnarch. And Matthew clearly states that Jesus was born when Herod the Great was king, up to two years before the Massacre, plus an indeterminate time spent in Egypt after the Massacre, until Herod died.
Right. But Matthew doesn't have the census. Luke has the census but not the flight to Egypt or the Herod dies.
In Matthew, Joseph and Mary already live in Bethlehem to start with, and then Jesus is born, the magi show up, Herod gets pissed, they flee to Egypt, Herod kills all the babies in Bethlehem, and then he dies, and then Joseph hears that Archelaus took over in Judea after his father, so moves to Nazareth.
In Luke, John the Baptist is conceived "when Herod is king of Judea", Mary is told by an angel she's going to have a baby, visits Elizabeth, then Quirinus has the census, Mary and Joseph go to Bethlehem, Jesus is born in a stable because the inns are full, a bunch of shepherds are told by angels to visit him, and they do.
Two different stories, over two different time periods. Jesus is born earlier in Matthew than he is in Luke.