Originally Posted by BigT
Yeah, technically, but Christianity is so ubiquitous that it is not uncommon for people to use Church to refer to the same basic concept in other religions.
Also, was "Temple" used like "Church"? Did it also stand for the religious political hierarchy, as dngnb8 is clearly using the term? And if not, what would be the appropriate term?
It may be used that way, but it's still wrong. If I asked someone "Where do you go to church?" (a question I'm very unlikely to ask, but nevertheless) and they responded "I don't; I'm Jewish. I go to synagogue
at Temple B'nai Brith," I wouldn't think it odd, unusual, or pedantic at all. In fact, if they just said "At Temple B'nai Brith," I'd think they were being a bit snarky by pointedly not
And to use the term "Church" with a capital letter, which always
refers to the Christian religious establishment, often as distinct
from other establishments, when referring specifically to the Jewish religious hierarchy is especially jarring.
(Note that using "church" as a synecdoche for all religious hierarchies and institutions, as in "separation of church and state" is different than using calling a specific non-Christian institution a church (or the Church).
As for your second question, the answer is yes. It wouldn't be used that way of modern Judaism, and you wouldn't use Temple to refer to the mass of Jewish people (so you wouldn't say "members of the Temple" to mean regular Jews) but as a synecdoche for the Temple hierarchy associated with the Sadducees, yes you would.