No black box on the space shuttle,
Just telemetry, So the shuttle's instruments are beamed down to NASA real time. But during reentry the shuttle goes through a blackout where ionized air prevents communication. So am I safe to assume that there is no record as to what happened up to the time that the internal instruments stopped working.
I've heard some talk about getting some sensor info before blackout (blown tire, extreame heat, loss of sensors), but the shuttle either went into blackout or it was assumed it went into blackout before the ship came apart.
Without such records, how are we going to learn to prevent this happining on the next flight?