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Old 09-01-2018, 02:03 PM
Grim Render is offline
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Join Date: Feb 2012
Posts: 1,235
Well, I am convinced that there was nothing around that could qualify as a city by either than definition or having tens of thousands of people. It would be highly out of context with everything we know about the period and there would have been a lot of evidence still. I don't really believe any line of cultural descent to Sumer and the other Mesopotamian civilizations is probable, besides the most fundamental. The intervening time period is way too long.

I am not convinced we can state with any certainty that there was no group who lived permanently at or near the site. A small group of permanent specialists does not seem a reach. We have excavated too little of the site to be certain, and presumably started excavations at the most visible remains. Also, Göbekli Tepe is situated on a hill with views of every direction. Any humans would most likely have settled near a water source. Permanent residence does not man stone houses. I think archeologists would have to be marvelously lucky to find the remains of a small permanent camp near a river or similar water source that may possibly have flooded occasionally over eleven thousand years of climate variety. Also under ten thousand years of debris.

I am quite unconvinced that Göbekli Tepe wasn't closely involved in the origins of agriculture. It is too on the nose in location and time. I'd expect any small permanent resident group may have had periods when they needed to rely on other food sources than hunting, and after a few cases of that may have made it a permanent practice. There is no evidence that the buildings didn't come first though.