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Old 03-14-2019, 10:51 AM
md2000 is offline
Join Date: Feb 2009
Posts: 15,085
The shadow cabinet is usually an indication which way the leader is inclined to appoint minsters if he/she becomes PM - but cabinets get shuffled all the time, and it's entirely up to the leader. Often the replacement of government happens after an election where some people will lose, new faces may win, and different opportunities present themselves. So knowing enough about the minister's portfolio and issues may be a plus, but it's not a guarantee.

IIRC (or at least in Canada) an MP may as a point of order(?) request a roll-call vote if they disagree with the speaker's assessment of the yells of yay or nay. Of course, since 99% of the time everyone votes party line, the majority will win, so it's a waste of time. If some members are in the washroom or out to lunch or answering mail in their office, the call for a vote usually results in call bells ringing (IIRC 45 minutes warning) so it's not like the opposition can ambush the government and catch them short. Calling for votes can be an annoying delaying tactic. Alternatively, on a contentious issue, it can be a way to get specific MP votes on the record to use against them in the next election.

At one time, a specific quorum was required for a vote in Canada, and the Conservatives engaged in "bell-ringing" to make a point - all the party left the chamber, not enough for a quorum, so the bells rang days on end. (Some bells burned out) Pretty much the same as a filibuster, which also the rules do not allow onw. Another time, IIRC, the opposition reneged on an informal pairing and defeated the government in a snap vote, but the government rounded up all the misplaced MP's for the subsequent confidence motion which they won. Or, if a government thinks they will lose a vote, they may delay it if rules allow, so as to twist arms harder.