I have a couple other questions before this thread dies.
The final stage ends with eight loops around the Arc de Triomphe, down to the Place de la Concorde, and back. Didn’t they used to alternate, clockwise one year and counterclockwise the next? Why did that change; do they figure it makes a better, or safer, finish if the riders are going uphill at the line?
Who sponsors the Israel Start-Up Nation, UAE, and Bahrain teams? Are they actually sponsored by the governments of those countries, is it done through some sort of tourism board to promote visitors, or something else?