My car is two years old and wasn’t the bleeding edge at the time. It still has a cell phone connection as fast as my phone’s, front and rear facing cameras like my phone, a giant touch screen just like my phone, a second monitor (which my phone lacks), GPS just like my phone, numerous accelerometers (to run the stability control system and airbag systems) of which I think my phone just has one, stereo speakers like my phone, a wifi chip like my phone, radio receiver like my phone, etc. I can’t think of any system my phone has that my car doesn’t. Unlike my phone, it also has a remarkably complicated electronic stability control system, various driver aids to keep me from getting killed (including even more cameras), various airbags, sophisticated engine management and transmission control systems, etc., all of which my phone lacks. My car has never had to reboot during operation. My phone has crashed at least five or six times during the pandemic, which would likely to translate to at least one real crash if my car had the same performance. I suspect carmakers know more about getting cars to run dependably than you.
You seemingly give credit to Tesla for using bleeding edge technology. In fact, they relied a lot on off-the-shelf processors and memory to run their Model S and Model X cars although even they weren’t dumb enough to buy used components of dubious provenance. The result of their genius move was that the components failed after a few years leading to bricked cars, thousands in repairs for owners, and an investigation by the NHTSA into whether they must recall the cars. I’m sure had they used old cell phones though, it would have all worked out great.
Back on topic - Just-in-Time isn’t going anywhere. In most situations it will save billions per year. So in normal times, if you aren’t doing it and everyone else is, you will lose billions, be uncompetitive, and lose your job running a car company. If everyone is doing it, no one is at a competitive disadvantage by doing it. If everyone is doing it, no one gets fired for doing it too, even if it causes a short term disruption. Even if you abandoned Just-in-Time, the advantage of storing a week’s worth of parts (or even a month’s) is minimal when the shortages persist for months or a year. You can’t store enough parts to make a real difference.
If you stored all the parts you might need for, let’s say, a year’s production “just in case,” you would have finance it, insure it (or eat the risk of loss), store it, secure it, and inventory it, which all adds up to money. All that so you have the dubious advantage every once in a while of writing off and throwing away a few billion of essentially worthless inventory when you misjudge how popular a particular model of car is going to be. Automakers have gotten smarter than that. Yes, they’ve been hurt a bit by production problems in this economy but they have over the life of just-in-time inventories saved multiples of what they have lost recently.