Trivia Dominoes II — Play Off the Last Bit of Trivia — continued!

From 1667 through 1774, there were a total of 12 men who held the position of Pope. 6 of these 12 took the name of Clement, the last of which was Clement XIV, who held the position from 1769 through 1774. Since then, no other Pope has taken the name of Clement.

A clementine is a “tangor,” a hybrid citrus fruit, resulting from a cross between a willowleaf mandarin orange and a sweet orange. The fruit is named for Marie-Clement Rodier, a French missionary brother, who worked in the orchard of an orphanage in Algeria, and who is credited with discovering the fruit.

Algeria is the largest country in Africa, and it has 7 UNESCO sites. The name Algeria derives from the Arabic al-Jazāʾir (الجزائر, “the islands”), referring to small islands off its coast. There are 32 islands and 208 small islands, the biggest of which is Habibas Island off the coast of Oran, the second most important city behind Algiers. Habibas Island does not have any permanent population center.

The flag of Algiers shows the city seal on a divided field of blue and green.

The Eurasian teal is a duck from the Euro-Siberian region, and this duck gives its name to the blue-green color teal. The NFL’s Jacksonville Jaguars, the MLB’s Seattle Mariners and the Arizona Diamondbacks, and the NHL’s San Jose Sharks and the Anaheim Ducks use teal in their colors, although for the Diamondbacks and the Ducks teal is used in their alternate uniforms.

Degree is a brand of underarm antiperspirant/deodorant, originally introduced by Helene Curtis (now part of Unilever) in 1990. Degree’s original point of difference was that it was “body-heat activated”: its formulation contained “microencapsulates” of starch and fragrance, which would dissolve in the presence of underarm perspiration, releasing additional fragrance.

Since its introduction in 1990, Degree’s primary packaging color has been teal.

(I worked at Helene Curtis, and was the lead market researcher on Degree from 1990 until 1994. I know far too much about how the human underarm functions. :wink: )

In 1888, the first modern commercial deodorant, Mum, was developed and patented by Edna Murphey, a U.S. inventor in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

In 1888, Mum used zinc oxide to fight odor. In 1903 the first antiperspirant, EverDry, used aluminum salts to clog pores and prevent sweating. Deodorants typically contain antiseptic ingredients to kill or disable bacteria that live in the armpits and cause body odor. Antiperspirants contain aluminum compounds that stop up sweat glands to reduce sweating. Before the 20th century, talcum powder was a popular deodorant that absorbed moisture and perspiration from the skin and clothes. Egyptians were the first to popularize applying scents to armpits.

Human bodies feature two different types of sweat glands: eccrine sweat glands, and apocrine sweat glands.

Eccrine sweat glands cover nearly the entire human body, and produce a type of sweat that is mostly water, which the body uses to cool itself.

Apocrine sweat glands, on the other hand, are only found in certain areas of the human body: the armpits, groin, nipples, eyelashes, and nostrils. Apocrine sweat is of a different consistency and chemical composition than eccrine sweat (an “oily fluid”), which is believed to serve as a pheromone, as well as a warning signal.

Apocrine sweat contains proteins and lipids, which serve as food for bacteria; body odor in the areas where apocrine sweat glands are prevalent (such as in the armpits and groin) is caused by skin bacteria consuming the sweat, and producing gas as they digest it.

The typical human adult skeleton has 206 bones.

On August 1, 1977, famous U-2 spy plane pilot Francis Gary Powers was piloting a Bell 206 helicopter for KNBC Channel 4 over West Los Angeles, California, when the aircraft crashed, killing him and cameraman George Spears. They had been video recording brush fires in Santa Barbara County in the station’s helicopter and were leaving the area.

In Star Trek, the episode “Assignment: Earth” was supposed to be a pilot for another series which would star Robert Lansing as Gary Seven.

Earth, air, fire and water were the classic Greek elements. The concept predates Socrates and continued well into the European Middle Ages.

Earth, Wind & Fire are a musical group, founded by vocalist/drummer Maurice White in Chicago in 1969; White chose the group’s name based on the three classical elements (earth, air, and fire) which are associated with his astrological sign, Sagittarius.

EW&F’s sound blends elements of R&B, funk, soul, pop, and disco, and they are known for their horn section. Their heyday was in the second half of the 1970s, during which they had six songs reach the Billboard Top Ten in the U.S.

Moritz is the German equivalent of the name Maurice. St. Moritz, Switzerland hosted the Winter Olympics in 1928 and 1948. The 1928 Games were the first true Winter Olympics to be held as a stand-alone event, not in conjunction with a Summer Olympics. Switzerland won the bronze medal in men’s ice hockey and it was their only medal for those games. That remains the lowest output by a host nation at a modern Olympic games, Winter or Summer.

The name “Maurice” is generally derived from the Byzantine Emperor Mauricius, who reigned 582 to 602.

Although successful militarily, the costs of his wars led to his deposition and execution

Author/illustrator Maurice Sendak collaborated with singer/songwriter Carole King on the musical Really Rosie, based on several of Sendak’s children’s books. The musical premiered as an animated television special in 1975 (which featured King as the voice of the title character), and the soundtrack album reached #20 on the U.S. Billboard album chart. Sendak later expanded the musical’s script, adapting it for stage productions.

Maurice is a novel by E. M. Forster, which he began writing in 1913. Due to its controversial theme of homosexual relationships, it was not published until 1971, a year after Forster’s death. A note found on the manuscript read, “Publishable, but worth it?” It was adapted in 1987 by Merchant Ivory Productions, for a film starring James Wilby, Rupert Graves and Hugh Grant, among others.

Actor Robert Forster appeared posthumously in El Camino: A Breaking Bad Movie, reprising the character of Ed the “Disappearer” from the Breaking Bad series. He died on the day the movie was released, Oct 11, 2019.

California’s El Camino Real is a commemorative road that runs 500+ miles from Mission San Francisco Solano in Sonoma in the north to the Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá in San Diego in the south. It connects the 21 Spanish missions in California. Many streets in the state carry the name El Camino Real today. And today the road extends south to the California-Mexico border.