I have some questions concerning the U.S. military during the 19th Century (pre and post Civil War.)
Whenever I’ve seen histories or movies of the U.S. Army of the 19th Century, I’ve never seen anything mentioned about newly-enlisted soldiers going to Boot Camp or Basic Training.
Was there such a thing back then, or did new recruits just “wander in” to the nearest U.S. Army post or frontier cavalry fort, and say they’d like to “join up”?
What about the other services like the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps? Were there boot camps for them in the 19th Century?
Did the armed forces of other nations of the time have Boot Camps for new recruits?
Finally, I was wondering if, during the “westward expansion” of the United States, (I guess I’m thinking around the time of the Indian Wars), if it was solely the U.S. Cavalry that was involved in all the military conflicts at that time, or were other branches of the U.S. Army like the Infantry or Artillery involved?
Was the U.S. Navy or U.S. Marine Corps ever actively involved in the Indian Wars?