Of course there will always be some people of completely unexpected body types, sexes etc that perform well in all fields. That doesn’t chnage the fact that cartain factors give an inherent advantage. If a woman has fanstastic ingerent golfing ability, but never gets interested in the game, never sees a game of womens golf and is is offered greater financial returns in another field then she’s unlikely to ever even play golf to discover that she has those abilities. You immediately prune out a lot of the best talent.
Then if such a woman did begin playing she would need to spend more time working out to develop the necessary strength. Time which a man could devote to practicing his actual golf. Then once the requisite strength is achieved, and overlooking the greater maintianence required, women remian shorter. If Sorenstam had exactly the same skills as Woods, the fact that she’s 6 inches shorter provides yet another handicap.
Yes, those things can be overcome, just as being short can be overcome by high skill levels in basketball. But that doesn’t stop most top-level basketbalers from being tall. The innate ability to be good provides stimulus to play, which in turn provides incentive totrain and develop skills.
As for whether women have an inherent disadvantage in sports related hand eye co-odination:
Davies PL, Rose JD. Phys Occup Ther Pediatr 2000;20(1):19-42
Motor skills of typically developing adolescents: awkwardness or improvement?
“To identify sex differences and developmental trends in motor performance and coordination across three stages of development: prepubertal, pubertal and postpubertal, 60 participants, 30 males and 30 females, were assessed on 13 motor tasks. Physical characteristics that accompany puberty were used to classify the participants into the stages. Analysis of variance and covariate analyses demonstrated that motor performance improves throughout adolescence in both males and females and that sex differences exist in motor performance, males performing better than females. The magnitude of the stage and sex differences were demonstrated by large effect sizes (eta 2).”
This isn’t a surprising or unique result. It’s widely known and shows up time and again in studies. Women have better fine control, while men have better hand-eye cordination in the gross movements asociated with most sports.