My guess is horse sports are more evenly matched due in part to weight requirements. The riders need to be close to the same weight (or will be after extra weight is added to them).
I wonder if for things like running if the wider hips of women contribute to a worse gait. It would be interesting if any studies have been done based on waist/hip ratio and other anthropometric values - as to compare men and women with the same body composition, femur length, height, weight, etc.
It might not have much of a cross over, but you probably could construct equations to show if they’d be the same if all other factors were equal. And also you’d know what those factors were.
Aerodynamic drag, wide hips, testosterone levels…