Buckyballs are carbon in a form resembling the geospheres first designed by Buckminster Fuller, hence the name. Scientists have learned how to make them in laboratories with lasers. Because of the tremendous heat and pressure needed to make them, there is only one place they could be formed in nature: the interiors of stars. Artificial buckyballs are also hollow; natural ones have helium3 or argon gases trapped inside, and helium3 is not formed on Earth.
Last year, buckyballs (with helium3 compounds inside) were found in Cretaceous sediments in Denmark, New Zealand and North America. It’s more evidence that a large asteroid or comet hit the Earth approximately 65,000,000 years ago and either caused or hastened the extinction of the dinosaurs.
What’s really intriguing to me is that these natural buckyballs may be the older than the solar system, that they may be remnants of a star that existed before our Sun.
And the reason this is relevant today is that buckyballs have been found in sediments 250,000,000 years old, meaning that yet another, earlier asteroid or comet (or TWO of them) caused the Permian extinction, the greatest extinction of life in the Earth’s history. Lost was 90% of all ocean species, 70% of higher land animals and nearly all land plants.