The Common Law, as I understand it, was established by the precedent set by judges in England in days of old. Both civil and criminal law was established. From the criminal standpoint, Wikipedia says, of common law offenses, “These are offences of the common law which are developed entirely by the courts over the years, and for which there is no actual legislation.”
Can new civil (i.e. grounds to sue) or criminal (i.e. substantive criminal offenses) causes of action still be created by judges today in England? For example, can a judge in Cornwall create a new common law offense of “Possession of a Foreign Car with Intent to Drive to the Supermarket”, and start convicting people of it? Could a judge in York create a new substantive civil tort of “Frowning at a Person” and let people sue others for it? If not, when was last date on which a judge could legally create a new common law crime or tort?
How about Northern Ireland, New Brunswick, Virginia, New South Wales, or the British Virgin Islands?