No they don’t. No more than a car rental company requires one.
All they need is a credit card on file. No biggy.
I’ve rented all sorts of different motorcycles all over the U.S. for the last 20 years. I’ll tell you this: as time goes by, there are more and more places that rent them. I’ve rented harleys, BMW’s and Hondas. (I own a Harley myself, but BMW’s are really, really nice to ride!)
The price greatly depends on where you are and what time of year it is. This is an important fact. the type of bike you rent matters also.
We go down to Sarasota,Fl. twice a year. I usually rent a Harley low Rider. Off season it’s about $300 for 5 days. On season you’re looking at about $700-800 for the same time period. I’ve found BMW’s to be about the same price, Hondas cheaper.
Every rental I’ve ever done on a bike came with full insurance. Neat, huh?
We’re going down to Florida for 3 weeks in December/January. I’ve got a smaller Harley (Sportster) lined up for 14 days for $825.
Mileage is usually unlimited, or something like 300-500 miles per day, so don’t worry about miles.
Get on the internet and look up motorcycle rentals and look for places in the area you’re going to be in. Or if it’s your home town, call all the dealerships in your area and ask if they rent. I’ve found more rental places in “touristy” areas.