Racial differences? No. Cultural differences? Yes.
If you want scholarly articles on expressions, try keywords like, ethnography facial expression emotion.
When it comes to language, gestures, and body language, it’s mostly behavioral, very little is innate. The universal expressions like crying, smiling, anger, etc. are all hard-wired, but how and when those are displayed and how much they are expressed are greatly shaped by the cultural environment.
You can probably spot a German tourist among a crowd of Minnesotans or Wisconsinites. Body language is the giveaway. How far away they stand; how they move through space, especially in relation to other people; where they look and for how long; eye contact; posture, these things are usually enough to make the distinction if you’re paying attention. And that’s not even going into the finer level of facial expressions.
Different cultures sometimes have very different body language and gestures, even though there’s also considerable overlap. For instance, Filipinos point with their lips, and as Cecil pointed out a while back, gestures for yes and no are pretty variable.
I’ve lived in Japan for over a decade and when I go back to the US to visit I have to readjust to hundreds of little differences in the way people act and react to each other. People are more similar than they are different, but those subtle differences add up to a constant feeling of oddness until you get used to them.
ETA: The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift felt weird as hell because, as far as I can tell, there’s not one Japanese from Japan in the movie. They’re at best nisei, but most of them are Korean-American or Chinese-American. All kinds of non-verbal cues give it away, and the Japanese dialog makes it pretty clear that a lot of them aren’t fully fluent speakers.