As I said above, I homeschool. I find the amount of regulation my state imposes on homeschoolers to be embarrassing. Basically, I have to send a note to the district once a year and I have to put him through one standardized test a year - I do not have to report the results of the test. Other than that, I determine curriculum, what it takes to pass, give grades. If I wanted to let him play Call of Duty all day and give him As in English and Geography and Math, I could. Then, at the end of twelve years, I can cut him a high school diploma. Being a responsible parent who’d like to see my son back in public school if that turns out to be the right choice, I’m working with my high school counselors to make sure we are covering the material we need to cover for him to be successful if he returns. When I had my appointment with his counselor, she was amazed and astounded, she said most kids they get that transition in (to HIGH SCHOOL - elementary or middle school is a different ball game) have issues simply because they haven’t done the material they need to graduate (they don’t have a ninth grade health credit or a trimester of conceptual physics in 9th grade, they are missing two trimesters of fine arts or phy ed…, whatever it is) and they have to go back and make up classes). She implied pretty heavily that what they do is coach the parent into just “making shit up” on the transfer paperwork to get them the credits they need. Then they try and cope the best they can.
By high school this sort of thing can be challenging - if you don’t know that they’ve learned to write the research paper in 9th grade and don’t teach it, they go into tenth grade not knowing how to write the research paper everyone else knows how to write. (For us, writing is tenth grade English - ninth grade - this year - is literature). It is not, however, significantly different that kids that transfer from school to school because their parents move who sometimes have credits that don’t fit.
The problem Ohio is trying to solve has to do with people hiding abuse via homeschooling. It happens. When you have a kid in public school, teachers can often tell that a child is being abused. If the child doesn’t see mandated reporters, abuse may never be discovered. Its a different issue - but related - there is very little oversight in most states.
Because homeschoolers tend to be of a libertarian bent (keep your government away from my children) any attempt at oversight is seen as jackbooted government thugs coming in with guns and dogs to remove your right to raise your children.