# Energy in Ethanol v Gasoline?

Someplace (Car & Driver?) I read something along the lines of:

The trouble is that Ethanol only has 65% or the energy per gallon of gasoline, but does not cost 65% as much.

I have forgotten the correct figure. Anyone out there know?

These are DOE figures

``````
Gasoline	125,000 Btu/gal(gross) = 115,400 Btu/gal(net)

Hydrogen	134,200 Btu/kg(gross) = 113,400 Btu/kg(net)

Diesel 		138,700 Btu/gal (gross) = 128,700 Btu/gal (net)

Biodiesel	126,206 Btu/gal (gross) = 117,093 Btu/gal (net)

Methanol	64,600 Btu/gal (gross) = 56,560 Btu/gal (net)

Ethanol		84,600 Btu/gal (gross) = 75,670 Btu/gal (net)

Gasohol		120,900 Btu/gal (gross) = 112,417 Btu/gal (net)

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The energy bit is easy (75670/115400 = 0.655 or 65%)

the costs are a little less scientific in their numbers (it depends how much government subsidy you want to include in the figure, for instance)

Gee! I guessed right! (That is to say E85, “Gasohol” is worth 65% of the real deal?

Since it’s 85% ethanol, 15% gasoline, the energy content would be just over 70% that of pure gasoline.

Thank you.