The last “film” I worked on was lit as if it were being shot on film. There is still a definite difference. But yeah, good lighting makes for a good film – or video!
I had a link that compared the resolution of super-16 film with digital video. The film still has higher resolution. Also, consider that video is comprised of horizontal lines. Film records its image on randomly arranged grains of emulsion.
Regarding “outside” and “inside” light, tungsten lights and sunlight are different “colour temperatures”. The colour temperature of sunlight is 5,500°K, while tungsten is 3,200°K or 3,400°K. If you use tungsten-balanced film outside, your film will be blue-ish unless you use an orange filter (at the cost of 2/3 stop). If you use daylight-balanced film under tungsten light, it will appear brownish unless you use a blue filter (at the cost of 2 stops).
One technique for balancing indoor lights and sunlight (e.g., when you have sunlight coming in through a window) is to put a #85 orange gel over the window. This can be done for video as well as film, as the white balance on video is analogous to the colour balance of different films. We were shooting a scene on the last project where the camera was inside looking out of an open door. We could not use a gel because A) we didn’t have one big enough; B) we couldn’t afford one; and C) it would have been seen in the shot. So we put blue filters over the lights and balanced the video for daylight. It worked.