Fundamentalist - tends to interpret the Bible literally. Generally has a very conservative viewpoint. Not all fundamentalist groups practice the following, but the following would be considered fundamentalist: snake handling, drinking poisons, no make up or jewelery, females must wear dresses as opposed to pants, creation science, etc.
Evangelical - believe that it is their mission to spread the word. Examples include: street preaching, door to door visits, passing out pamphlets at public events, etc. Most Christian religions would consider themselves evangelical. Judaism is not evangelical.
Liberal - favors a more open interpretation of the Bible. Where fundamentalist see historically accurate, factual Bible stories a liberal is more likely to see symbolism or parable. Most Christian denominations have conservative and liberal “factions” within their group.
Pentacostal - Prefer a more “wide open” worship style. Could include: Loud, upbeat music; standing and clapping while singing, high energy preaching with many “Amens” from the congregation, speaking in tongues, “falling out” in the spirit, faith healing, etc.
You should understand that the terms you listed are not all mutually exclusive. while you won’t likely find a “liberal fundamentalist”, you may well see “evangelical pentacostals”, “liberal evangelicals”, or “liberal pentacostals”.