A guy from the Club of Rome was on TV several weeks back talking about the Sahara plan - I switched on later, so I don’t know if it was mirrors or photovoltaic cells. I think the later because he wanted to couple the energy production with thermic coils on the backside (photovoltaics cells work best in cool temps., and efficiency falls off over 40C), which would provide drinking water for the local population (plus the jobs building and maintaining the plants). They showed maps with how small the necessary area with this plan was - an area the size of Germany and Austria combined would cover the world’s enery needs, and still be lost in the whole Sahara.
Technically, no problem, it’s just money and political will that’s lacking.
Do you mean: “How do use electricity after dark if 100% of energy is produced by solar?” The answer is that there are several possibilities.
For one, we wouldn’t go 100% solar, there would be some wind and water left over. Second, you could stagger the solar plants - for example, you have some pretty big deserts in the US where you could produce the energy for yourself, and the Sahara would supply Africa and Europe. Some part of the globe, there’s always sunlight, so you just need longer wires to transport the energy.
Third, there are several energy storage options out there beside giant batteries. You can use the surplus electricity during the day to split water into hydrogen and transport and store the hydrogen, and burn it when needed.
You can pump water back upwards to a lake, to store potential energy. In the night, the water falling drives a turbine.
I’m sure the engineers working on that know more solutions - I just skim the popular press.
Well, one thing I learned while reading about the proposed space elevator, is the equator is the best place to put it, because hurricanes rarely traverse the equator.
So, the equator is about 24,900 miles around, they’ve already got an undersea power transmission cable built about 350 miles long. About 71 of these plants could be built along the equator, 350 miles apart.
These plants can’t be more expensive to build than nuclear power plants, can they? We’ve got 439 of those buggers operating worldwide, so building 70-100 solar thermal plants seems within the realm of possibility.
The company is using a sun-tracking mirror array to direct the sun’s heat into a collector that drives a Stirling engine, thereby generating electricity. They already have contracts to put up to 70,000 of these dishes in the southern California desert starting in a few years. It’s really impressive stuff.
I recently was offered a position with this company. During the interview, I asked what happens if a bird flies through the concentrated beam. The answer was basically “cooked bird”.
I’m a little confused by that. The article states that an area 80 miles by 80 miles could power the EU. I think the EU uses 15-20% of the world’s power. Let’s call it 20%, then 6,400 Sq. miles times 5 is 32,000 sq. miles, which is a lot smaller than Germany and Austria, in order to power most of the world. Did I miss something? It’s past my bedtime.