As McMurphy points out, bodyweight exercises are poor tests of strength, because performing them gets easier really fast as the bodyweight of the person tested goes down. Back in high school, I was a beanpole nerd that could beat most any kid in a pullup test. Yet when I went to a gym for the first time, I was barely able to move the same weights my friends from the gym class used with relative ease.
We have a massive, global, on-going experiment going on concerning the question in the OP, called sports. Take any sporting event reliant on strength and you’ll find males being consistently substantially stronger than women. Take something like the shot put: males put a shot 1.8 times heavier than women to approximately the same distance. In powerlifting, the men’s world record totals in the 60 kg and 75 kg classes are about 30 % larger than the 60 kg and 75 kg women’s world records.
In the not-so-distant past, women were discouraged from participating in sport, especially strength sports, and all kinds of cultural barriers pretty much made sure we had no idea of the true strength potential of women. But for the past couple of generations, the very best of the best women athletes have been picked up by coaching organizations world wide and been trained to their utmost potential in their chosen sport, just like men. This sample of tens of thousands of individuals over several decades tells a little different story than the wishful version radical feminists would have us believe.
Anyone can share anecdotes of women individuals who are stronger than many men. The strongest women are much stronger than the average man. But average women are physically weaker than average men, just as elite athlete women are physically weaker than elite athlete men, in a somewhat narrow sense of the word ‘strength’.