DId they lie or were unethical, or were they just wrong?
While this case wasn’t famous outside academic circles it had lasting impact on the way science education at the PHD training level was conducted. I was a new grad student when the impact of this event came crashing down, and it was all the faculty, students and post-docs could talk about. Maybe not a big deal to the lay person, but it was a big deal to those of us on the inside.
I’ll second IvoryTowerDenizen’s suggestion of the Baltimore case. It is now the classic ethics case for every biomedical research student. And it’s really a shame that it has come to be known as the “Baltimore case”. David Baltimore was found to not be aware of the misconduct and to have acted appropriately. His career has recovered; he has served as President of Rockefeller, CalTech, and AAAS, all since the case was resolved. However, there was certainly a time when he was thought to be the biggest name to be brought down by academic fraud.
My favorite fraud case is that of Hyung-In Moon. He made up reviewers for his manuscripts to ensure their acceptance. He would have gotten away with it much longer if he had just been more patient. An editor caught on when all of the reviews for his paper were returned within 24 hours. Anyone familiar peer-review knows that a 24-hour review never happens.
Along similar lines is Amy Bishop – in an attempt to gain tenure, she published an article in a vanity-press journal and used her husband and small children’s names as her co-authors. Of course, that’s small potatoes compared to all the murder charges, &c
Dr Seitz is one of the big ones, not only did he sold his soul to the tobacco industry, he also did oversee many studies that **all **failed to show any harmful effects of cigarettes. The consensus was telling us the opposite by then and nowadays the evidence is more overwhelming on the harm of tobacco. But the Dr. never minded, the money coming to him was more important. He then testified to media and congressional critters that nothing should be done to the nice Tobacco companies.
Then magically, he became an “expert” in air pollution too, all bad effects of pollution coming from the fossil fuel industry were minimized by him. Including the effects of CO2 in the atmosphere. He lend his name and expertise to the fraudulent Oregon petition that was made to look like a peer reviewed paper and allowed even non scientists to become signers, inflating the number of the opposition. That petition has been used by politicians like Inhofe to delay any changes and regulations to global warming gas emissions. Prompting real scientific organizations to denounce Dr. Seitz and others involved in those shenanigans.
There were a lot of them. Read The Firecracker Boys for a full accounting. It could just be that Teller was delusional, but he deliberately falsified data on fallout readings on nuclear tests in order to justify his agenda of nuclear geo-engineering. This agenda included detonating devices to melt the polar caps in order to irrigate deserts, excavating a harbor in Alaska near populated areas, leveling mountains in order to provide city space and to create gaps through rugged ranges, etc. He maintained that fallout readings were way below danger levels to humans, when the data clearly showed otherwise. The guy was an egomaniac who was willing to endanger the population to further his goals.