How do they make movies? Part 1: Sound

Typically, what type of sounds are recorded live on the set vs. dubbed over in post-production? I am sure that different films use different methods, but I’m wondering if there a “standard” method that is more typical.

Bumping this.

All sounds that happen while filming are recorded. Sounds that need to be in the scene that do not happen while filming are done in a Foley studio or other recording studio and then dubbed in.

It depends. In the Phantom Menace, I believe, all dialogue was re-recorded in ADR(additional dialogue recording). All on set dialogue was replaced except for one early line. I believe the sole on set line was in the opening scene with Ewan McGregor and Qui-Gon Jin where they are waiting for the negotiations.

In some movies, a lot more on set audio is used.