An everyday question we all come across at some point - let’s say I take a handful of Neanderthals and a handful of anatomically modern humans, both from circa 50,000 B.C. Unfortunately they’re all mixed up and I don’t know which is which.
Trouble is, I’ve fallen out with the guy who runs the DNA tests since the results of that paternity suit. Sans genetic evidence, is there any cast-iron bulletproof way of sorting the two species? Something that sapiens can do but neanderthalensis can’t or vice-versa? I also don’t want to kill any of them (would cause a time paradox) so autopsies are out, but would any sort medical examination reveal the truth 100% of the time?
The best I’ve got based on background knowledge is that the Neanderthals are going to be a bit stockier and have a more prominent brow ridge, but it seems a bit subjective. Whadya reckon?