I’ve been reading the psych textbooks here… Lola is studying psychology in college so we have a decent library of our own.
Karl - Intelligence tests are designed to measure intellectual potential and ideally should be based on how a person is able to think on their feet and not based on answers to factual based questions. Test developers try as much as possible to tilt the balance of tests towards measuring potential but unavoidably will contain items that are based on the test taker’s previous learning.
From your second cite: “Adjustments for economic and social differences in the lives of black and white children all but eliminate differences in the IQ scores between these two groups”.
This rest of the article shows that despite disparities in socioeconomic status there is no difference in the relative I.Q. of children from affluent or impoverished environments. Other research (from our texts) has shown that ethnic differneces can cause disparities in test results that are not indicative of higher or lower intelligence.
If depression is more prevalent among the poor it is likely because of environmental influences such as crime, poverty, malnutrition, drug abuse, etc. and not because impoverished people aren’t as smart as everyone else. In studies where children have been removed from impoverished environments and placed in enriched environments, the children show gains in their IQ scores.
More interesting stuff…
The notion of gifted children being weakly, socially inept bookworms has been contradicted in what has been one of the longest studies in the history of psychology. Lewis Terman studied a group of 1500 children between 1925 and 1959 and discovered that these children (whose average IQ was 150) were above average in height, weight, strength, physical health, emotional adjustment, mental health, and social maturity. These children developed into
Side note: Lewis Terman and his colleagues at Stanford also worked on expanding and revising Binet’s intelligence test which became the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale in 1919.
This research seems to show that persons with above average I.Q. and intelligence appear to do very well academically and socially.
On the other hand, researchers have found that children with exceptional I.Q.'s (above 180) experience great difficulties in maintaining social relationships and have twice the incidence of experiencing psychological problems (such as depression).
I work with developmentally delayed adults and we utilize a number of tests to determine intellectual potential. Most of our testing is based on an individual’s adaptive behaviour skills as most of our clients would score very poorly on standardized tests.
Although I.Q. scores might label them as being retarded further testing into their abilities would show that many of them are very intelligent and capable of much more than an I.Q. test would indicate.
So, is anyone else wondering why this is MPSIMS and not in GQ or GD?
No matter where this thread is, it’s a great one and what this place is all about… expanding our knowledge of things.