Let’s say that a U.S. college sorority (consisting of white women) wants to wear kimonos, or an American fashion company wants to make and sell kimonos.
They could get ‘permission’ from their Japanese friends - but - their Japanese friends don’t represent all of Japan or Japanese people. There is no “authorized representative” of Japanese sentiment to give them permission to use kimonos or not. What if their Japanese friends are okay with it, but 90% of other Japanese are not?
As such, is cultural appropriation therefore wrong in all circumstances? Or is there any situation in which it is indeed appropriate and permissible?
Ditto for, for instance, the Portland food stall that closed after accusations of cultural appropriation. Whose Mexican permission could or should they have gotten that would have made such a food stall legit?