If this has been done before, I apologize. Searching for baseball gets many returns.
Suppose we colonized the moon and decided to play baseball there. Let’s suppose we’ve built an adequate size dome to play in and that the interior air pressure is equivalent to that of earth. My questions relate to how lunar baseball would differ from terrestrial baseball.
Question 1- Just how much farther would the baseballs fly? Obviously under 1/6 g, the ball will go higher and take longer coming down, making even puny shortstops capable of majestic home runs. Does anyone know the velocities of the ball coming off the bat well enough to compute how far an earthly home run would go on the moon?
Question 2- How would pitchers fare in the 1/6 g? It stands to reason that the ball will drop somewhat less in its travel to the plate. But would curveballs curve more, less, or the same? Remember our dome has the same air pressure as earth, so now will that ball weighing 1/6 as much be more easily curved as it is thrown? And would knuckleballs dance like butterflies?
Question 3- How far would we have to move the fences? Directly related to 1, this brings up questions of its own:
Question 4- How would outfielders fare? The fences are back, you’ve got vast territory to cover. In your favor, flies will hang in the air longer and you have more time to track them down. Also, your throws to the infield don’t need to arc as much and everybody throws frozen ropes. But line drives would take you a long time to chase as they bounce to the fence and inside the park home runs could be commonplace. Which leads to:
Question 5- Would you have to move the bases further apart? If you don’t, then you’re going to have tons of inside the park home runs. If you do, then how far to move them? Or would you just make the first and third baselines meet at an acute angle to cut down on the outfield area in fair territory?
Question 6- How would infielders fare? Grounders would be much the same except the hops would be higher. But they could jump like cats to snare liners way over their heads. Would they play closer in or farther back?