I’ve been storing spirits (40% ABV) in the freezer and they’ve always remained liquid at that temperature. Recently, in my naive understanding, I placed a bottle of vermouth (18% ABV) in there and was surprised to find the next day all I had was a bottle of hard slush. This got me thinking: at what proportion of alcohol will that solution not freeze at typical freezer temperatures?
In my dim memory of chemistry, I remember that a mixture of two miscible compounds will have a melting point (freezing point) lower than the melting point of each compound individually, with a sharp depression at the eutectic point. Is there anywhere to find an ethanol-water melting point curve?
I suppose for the purposes of this question, we might first consider a solution of pure ethanol and water without impurities, but we could also consider the effects of the various other compounds typically found in alcoholic beverages.