With the fighting in the Ukraine, I wonder if the country will ever split into a pro-Russian eastern half and a pro-EU western half. Which made me think what other nations or states have done this in the past, split in half because they had divisions that the people couldn’t find resolution on and realized it would be better to break the country apart.
The one that comes to mind for me is India and Pakistan, where the Muslims moved to Pakistan and the Hindus stayed in India.
Part of me assumes there are tons of situations like this in the world, but thats about the only one I can think of offhand. South Sudan is probably a similar situation, but I don’t know what divisions led to that split. Ireland is another example.
I don’t know if I’d consider North vs South Korea an example of this since those nations were split by outside influences (Russia, China & the US) and not as much split by domestic fighting over domestic ideology.
I know this is a big issue in the middle east and Africa, but I don’t know what divisions have happened because of it.