I assume you’re asking where each sport originated. In many, there’s no set origin, since they’ve been around for so many years that no one really knows who started them.
Basketball, of course, was invented by James Naismith of the US in 1891.
Volleyball also has US origins, invented in 1895 by William G. Morgan.
The marathon’s name dates back to ancient Greece, after the battle Marathon. The story was that a courier named Pheidippides ran from the site of the battle to Athens. When they decided to have a long distance race, they named it after the battle. Its distance was officially set in the London Olympics of 1948 so the course could begin at Windsor Castle and end in Wembly Stadium.
Track and field competition go back to the ancient Greeks.