I started pouring pedialyte into a cup containing one teaspoon of metamucil and they immediately formed a thick gel. Metamucil will gel with water if left to sit for awhile. Metamucil + salt (NaCl) water reacts the same as regular water does. What ingredients are causing the instant thickening?
pedialyte igredients are:
Water , Dextrose , Potassium Citrate Less Than 2% , Sodium Chloride Less Than 2% , Sodium Citrate Less Than 2% , Citric Acid Less Than 2%
Sucrose, Psyllium Husk, Citric Acid, Natural and Artificial Orange Flavor, FD&C Yellow No. 6
Active Ingredient (in each TABLESPOON)
Psyllium Husk, Approximately 3.4 g
From what I know, the main factor determining mucilage behavior is hydrogen bonding which depends on very specific pH ranges depending on the type of mucilage. Under some conditions the branches of these long mucilage chains will bond like zippers zipping together, binding up all the water and creating large structures that appear like gel on the macro level. Under other conditions they don’t bond at all and are totally dissolved. And under still other conditions they can be made to precipitate out completely and separate from the solvent. It varies based on the type of mucilage.
I’m a little rusty on the wet chemistry but I think the citrate salts plus the citric acid will result in a solution buffered at a particular pH. So maybe that particular pH is exactly what the psyllium mucilage chains need in order to hydrogen-bond. I tried a mini-experiment with metamucil, table salt, and vinegar. None of the ingredients created an instant gel, either together or apart. So I think the buffering at that particular pH is key.
The link also hints at a possible explanation for what Omega Glory is seeing:
It may be that if strong divalent salts slow down gellation, weak monovalent salts will speed it up. Or the effect might be caused by potassium ions in the pedialyte.
Potassium ions are quite good at driving soaps and such out of solution.
Try mixing some metamucil with gatorade. It should gel quickly.