Not an expert, but tapered roller bearings are normally used for axial loads rather than straight radial loads. An automobile front wheel would seem to have both kinds of loads. all the ones I ever repacked have been tapered roller bearings. And that was on rear wheel drive cars, but I don’t think it would make any difference.
Most FWD cars use non-serviceable double-row ball bearings on the front (a page in TechOne mentions this). Newer 4WD trucks and SUVs have unit bearings on the front axle, but I’m not sure whether these are also ball bearings.
Depends on HOW they’re loaded - radially, axially, some combination, steady or varying, what loads …
A tapered roller bearing can take thrust (axial) loads, albeit in only one direction so they’re generally installed in opposing pairs, as on a car axle. A radial load with no axial component will induce a thrust load, as the cone tries to squeeze out one way. Also, a tapered bearing will have fewer rolling elements, and that generally means lesser radial capacity.
There are people who devote their careers to bearing applications. There are too many considerations to give you the blanket answer you want.
Everything zactly the same except… Just a spinning weight powered by whatever, what lasts the longest, taper pair in a reasonable amount of grease or equal rollers, same surface area as the tapers , not ball, bearing surfaces in a reasonable amount of oil? Assume slow enough rotatopm that heat build up is not an issue.
Maybe a general, grease or oil bath = best for slow rotation speeds, less than 100 RPMs? 500 RPMs, 1000 RPMs and weight increases? Where would the break even point be?
Don’t rail cars use oil? (heavy but some need for taper bearings due to side loads?
This is from Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design:
As others have said, there’s no one answer to your question. If there’s no axial load, cylindrical roller bearings. It starts to get complicated after that, though. Shigley devotes an entire chapter to bearings. It’s quite complex, yet easy to grasp. There’s no easy way to sum it up, but, in general, the bearing manufacturer gives specifics based on some standard they use to test the bearings, and the life drops quickly as more load is applied. There are tables and tables of data, and one would need all variables to make an intelligent decision.
ETA: Also, what do you mean by “equal”? Equal price? Equal shaft size? Equal roller size? Equal load capacity rating?