To be more specific, I am trying to figure out how much of a democracy Iran really is, and how much power the Supreme Leader has.
For example, the UK is a monarchy of course but while the monarch theoretically has vast power and is the ultimate source of authority for the government, the UK is a true democracy with fair elections, a parliamentary government, etc.
I’ve heard it said that Iran is a shining beacon of democracy compared to many middle eastern countries, but that almost sounds like damning with feint praise rather than a genuine compliment.
How much power does the Supreme Leader of Iran have? Is it similar to the monarch of the UK, where in theory all the power derives from them but in practice they have little effect on government, or is it more of a Kim Jung-Un style arrangement where Iranian president is just there for show and really can’t do anything the Supreme Leader doesn’t want?
Could the Supreme Leader intervene in any court proceeding? Could he write a law and have it passed without question? Can you speak out against the supreme leader freely in Iran?