Please forgive my lack of knowledge on the following subject and answer the following: On news broadcasts, do the anchor people read essentially all they say from teleprompters except for the occasional"we wish him well, etc". How about the weatherperson? And secondly, On Fox news for example when the in studio anchor speaks to a politician and asks him or her for comments: does the responder speak using a teleprompter? In general of course.
The reason the news readers can maintain the eye contact they do is because they’re using a Teleprompter (actually the word is a trademark and a couple of internal letters are caps–but it’s late and I can’t remember).
The words are scrolling over a TV picture of the newscaster–so he/she can observe facial movements.
Most weather sets have two TV monitors–one on the right, the other on the left facing inward toward the weatherperson. This is so they can see what part of the chromakeyed map they’re standing in front of and be more precise when pointing to geographic areas…and move out of the way to expose areas of the map they just started talking about (They’re actually standing in front of a green screen).
Interviews are hard to promp. There may be some use of the Telepromptor during the introduction of the guest and at the end. The rest of the time the interviewer may refer to preset questions either from script, cue cards or (you’ve probably seen them) small TV monitors mounted flat to the desk. At least, that’s for new interviewers.
Some of the seasoned pro’s still like to “wing it.” But even they usually have a mental script.