Here’s the supposed story (from The Book of Lists #2):
Now, on the surface, this appears to have all the signs of an urban legend. There’s the basic improbability of the incident, the coincidence of the doctor knowing both the soldier and the lady, and the happy resolution with the couple marrying. On the other hand, the story isn’t being credited to “a friend of a friend”; it names the doctor, gives the supposed date and place of the incident, and even cites its appearance in a specific medical journal.
So I can see at least four possibilities: 1 - the whole incident happened as described; 2 - the whole incident is an unusually well-fabricated story (akin to Thomas Crapper’s toilet or Millard Filmore’s bathtub); or 3 - the story did appear in American Medical Weekly as mentioned and Dr Capers (who coincidentally was the only named character) made the whole thing up as a joke; or 4 - the young lady was impregnated by conventional means (for all we know by the soldier) and was shot during the battle and Dr Capers gullibly concluded the bullet caused the pregnancy.
It could have happened the way Capers described it but I’m willing to bet it didn’t.
I don’t buy the whole impregnation by bullet story. Either Dr. Capers was trying to shield the girl from disgrace and subsequently decided to make a name for himself by writing up the concocted story or he was a nut.
…or maybe there never was a Dr. Capers and the whole thing was made up.