Last century, public opinion had difficulty recognizing or grappling with evil when it took the form of genocide. Thus, American Presidents were reluctant to take even modest steps to mitigate catastrophe: they interpreted public silence as indifference and were wary of the risks of engagement.
Samantha Power noted the pattern in her book, A Problem From Hell: America and the Age of Genocide:
Permit me to summarize the security situation in Darfur.
No, I’m not calling for western ground troops: the African Union should be able to do the job provided it is given sufficient UN authority, western money and logistical support. As Nicholas Kristof [notes](file:///C:/Downloads/Darfur/07kristof.html), about 50 AU peacekeepers were sufficient to create a safe haven in Labado, Sudan. According to the International Crisis Group we need a minimum of 10,000 AU ground troops. Currently they have about 2300 soldiers in the Sudan.
Rwanda has about 400 troops in the country. Oddly, they want to send more: last April, they had 2,500 ready to go, but lacked the means and authorization to get them into Sudan. Today, the EU and NATO are playing 4 dimensional chess: they can’t decide who should take the lead in coordinating the AU troop airlift. While Brussels fiddles…
Oh yeah, a no-fly zone would also be nice.
There is also a MPSIMS thread on humanitarian aid to Darfur.