The article on the Dead Sea Scrolls was written a bit after the great controversy about the scrolls came to a head.
After the scrolls were discovered, they were moved to what was then called the Palestine Archaeological Museum in 1952. This museum came under Arab control after 1948 – a year after the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered. Access to the scrolls were controlled by a small group of archeologists lead by Roland Guérin de Vaux a reverend of the Dominican Order who greatly limited access to the scrolls. Access to the scrolls by Jewish scholars was practically nonexistent.
There had been a controversy building up for years about the lack of information on the scrolls and the slow release of scholarly information. There were charges that the committee was purposefully keeping access away from Jewish scholars who might dispute many of the theories put forth by the committee studying the scrolls. The committee claimed they were publishing the information as quickly as possible, and the access to the scrolls was limited due to their fragile nature.
Robert Eisenman who had tried to see the Dead Sea scrolls earlier and was told by the committee that controlled them that he would not see them in his lifetime became a major critic of the Dead Sea scholarly committee and accused them and their theories as bordering on antisemitism. Eisenman lead a 15 year struggle to get all of the scrolls published.
John Strugnell, a young scholar who was selected by Roland Guérin de Vaux to be on the scholarly committee that controlled the scrolls took over in 1987. In 1990, he gave an interview in Ha’aretz said that Judaism was “founded on a lie, or at least on a premise that cannot be sustained.” and was “originally racist”, and that all Jews should convert to Christianity. He said what annoyed him most about Judaism was "“The fact that it has survived when it should have disappeared.”
Of course, by 1990, Israel controlled the West Bank and the Palestine Archaeological Museum renamed the Rockefeller Museum. Until that time, because of the universal importance of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Israel itself had not interfered with the committee in charge of the scrolls. With Strugnell’s remarks, things quickly changed. Strugnell retired for “Health Reasons”, and new scholars were given access. In 1991, Emanuel Tov was appointed chairman of the committee and access to the scrolls was greatly increased. New theories of who created the scrolls and their age were quickly produced.
In 1993, the Israeli Antiquity Authority and Nasa both worked on infrared photography techniques and published the photographs to all scholars. Recently, the Israel Museum (which now controls the Rockefeller Museum and the scrolls) has worked with Google to produce digitized images which will allow for the scrolls to be better studied.
Also, the storage of the scrolls has greatly improved and many of the missing fragments have been rediscovered. The scrolls had been damaged by poor storage conditions and poor restoration techniques. The controversy over the scrolls has died down, and we are seeing new information on them published each year.