The Eye (Poem by Robinson Jeffers)

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I studied this poem in Eng Lit class when I was a child. There’s something I’ve always wondered:

Who or what are the brave dwarfs?

Wild guess:
Maybe Germans, World War I or World War II (when was the poem written?) Dwarfs referring to Wagner’s Nibelungen?

I don’t know. I’ve searched bur can’t find the answer to that.

Maybe. It doesn’t sound very likely, though.

Since he refers to the Pacific, I would assume the Japanese; however, the poem is apparently from 1948, and so post-dates World War II.

Any other ideas?