This article from the WaPo has some interesting info:
At heart, there is a massive reallocation underway in the economy that’s triggering a “Great Reassessment” of work in America from both the employer and employee perspectives. Workers are shifting where they want to work — and how.
Resignations are the highest on record — up 13 percent over pre-pandemic levels. There are 4.9 million more people who aren’t working or looking for work than there were before the pandemic. There’s a surge in retirements with 3.6 million people retiring during the pandemic, or more than 2 million more than expected. And there’s been a boost in entrepreneurship that has caused the biggest jump in years in new business applications.
It wouldn’t surprise me at all if many of the folks who aren’t looking for work are women who can’t find child care or are needed at home for other reasons, and some of them may not go back to work for a long time, if it all.
It doesn’t help that the abundance of job openings right now are not in the same occupations — or same locations — where people worked pre-pandemic.
In comparison, during the Great Recession, there were excess workers in all fields across the board and not enough jobs for them. This time things are different. The article has a chart showing the mismatches in available jobs by field vs. unemployed folks whose last job was in that field.
In recent months, heath care workers and educators have quit their jobs at the highest rate on record, stretching back to 2002, Labor Department data show.
These type jobs require training and licensing, which means there may be shortages in these kinds of areas for a long time.