Is an author restricted in any legal way from incorporating a living real life public figure (politician, celebrity, etc.) into a work of fiction? Does consent need to be given by the person in question?
Does the simple fact that the work is fictional, and will be marketed as fiction, make it O.K. in all cases? Or never O.K.?
Or would it be subjctive, like if it is reasonable to suggest that a some people may believe that the actions/attributes of the fictional version of the person may be applied to the real life version then it’s not O.K. (e.g. *When we walked into the drug dealer’s house we saw Robert Downey Jr. in the hot tub with three teenaged runaways . . . *)
But if it’s not reasonable to believe that the actions/attributes of the fictional version of the person may be applied to the real life version then it is O.K. (e.g. At the illegal cock-fighting arena we got into an argument with Jimmy Carter about a gambling debt, Carter broke a beer bottle across the edge of the table and stabbed Mike in the throat.)
Or might the scenario of subjectivity that I presented actually apply in reverse?