Keep in mind that the reason why these things are able to affect him at all is because this was shortly after he was nearly reduced to ash by the Soviet Super Missile. At the beginning of their fight, Batman remarks that Superman isn’t anywhere near his full capacity.
In addition to the very early Superman comics, a weaker Superman is depicted in the Max Fleischer cartoons. He leaps rather than flies, lacks heat vision, and is much less strong than most other versions.
Likewise, the Superman from the 90’s Animated Series got knocked around a lot, and was easily injured by various weapons.
As others have mentioned, he was strongest in the Silver Age, when he could move planets and travel through time at will by flying faster than the speed of light. That kind of stuff probably reaches its peak with the cosmic stories by writers like Len Wein and Elliot S! Maggin. Off the top of my head, in “Must There Be a Superman?”, Superman creates a small planet by smushing together a bunch of asteroids in order to divert a large space spore. In DC Comics Presents, he flies so fast through space that he literally breaks through the fabric of the universe and has to be stopped by the Spectre.