Sort of a followup to this thread. I don’t think anyone would dispute that the relative power and importance of the presidency vis-a-vis Congress have grown enormous since the Republic was founded, and few would dispute the presidency/executive branch now is much more powerful than the Framers envisioned. How far back the trend goes is debatable, but certainly the roots of the “imperial presidency” go back at least as far as Lincoln.
Should this trend be arrested or reversed?
If so, how?
What is the constitutionally proper balance of power between the executive and legislative branches?
What is the best balance – not in constitutional-law terms, but in public-policy terms? I.e., is a strong Congress or a strong president better for America?
Does it make a difference that Congress is generally acknowledged to be the more “democratic” branch?
This is, interestingly, not a partisan/ideological question in the usual sense. There are ideological aspects to, say, the relative importance of the federal vs. the state governments. Within the federal government, however, it’s generally a matter of practical political calculation. Each party typically demands more power for whichever branch it happens to control at the moment, and will readily reverse its proclaimed theories of constitutional construction as soon as a new election changes its position. Neither the Dems nor the Pubs have any consistent theory that would mandate favoring Congress or the presidency in all circumstances.