In preparation for this November’s election, I’m giving myself an online course of Civics 101. I’m trying to better understand all the different divisions of political representatives, both state and federal.
Right now I’m working out the difference between a “state senate” and a “state assembly”. California has 40 state *senators *and 80 state assemblypeople. Together, these divisions and their officials comprise the California State Legislature.
The State Senate is the “upper chamber” of the state legislature, and the State Assembly is the “lower chamber” of the state legislature. Each of the officials in these two groups of people represents a district from each chamber’s differently numbered set California districts.
Whew. Good thing I’ve taken notes.
My question: what is the purpose of this division of people in our legislature? According to website Ballotpedia, this system of division is called “bicameral”. I’m not clear on why this is necessary. Is there an upper chamber because those are the higher-ranking jobs? I don’t get it.