In my opinion, a fetus is a human being at 3 months. As I’ve mentioned elsewhere, this is not as arbirtrary a line as it seems on the surface. Admittedly there is very little difference between a fetus at day 89 and day 90. Why draw the line at day 90 then? Because day 90 is the best possible choice. The production of offspring is a rigidly controlled engineering problem defined by millions of years of evolution.
Take two partial cells, combine them, and grow a human being within a confined space capable of having the best possibility of surviving outside the specialized environment of the womb while impeding the survivability of the mother to the least possible degree.
Evolution has solved this incredibly complex problem, with astounding precision. The development of a fetus is calculated and scheduled by the body to a degree that would make the precision of an orbital launch look like a shoddy job. Early in a pregancy, this precision is necessarily heightened still more. Any deviation from schedule will result in escalating deviations later on.
Through use of a sonogram, a trained professional can take measurements at as little as six weeks, and tell to a very high degree of precision on what day the developing fetus was conceived, and what day it will be born.
The development process is necessarily rigid and structured.
So, what day do we have a human being? On day two or three we have a bundle of cells with little differentiation. Is this human? In my opinion no. It is potentially human.
Day 90 though is a different story. We have a small, but essentially fully formed human being. The heart beats. The internal organs process. There are eyes and ears that function.
There is a brain. It sleeps. It moves. It can feel pain. It can recognize sounds. It reacts emotionally. It can laugh.
Physically it is all there, except for the finishing touches. Mentally, it is an infant. Basically it has all the tools it needs to survive outside the womb, save one.
The lungs are underdeveloped.
You see, in the equation of reproduction that evolution is solving, maximum size and devlopment is the key to survivability. The finishing touches are being added, and the baby is adding the maximum amount of weight and strength possible before it exits the woman. It’s not expecting to leave for a while yet, and it won’t need the lungs until it’s outside, so they develop last.
A ninety day old fetus is basically a fully developed human being that cannot breathe on its own.
Abortion past this point represents the death of a human being. One may argue that it is a human being even earlier with some merit, but there can be little doubt at the ninety day point.