Well, here’s a list of people with units named after them. I’m sure I forgot some. I’ll leave it to someone else to figure out which of them were alive and approximately the same time and place, and try to uncover stories like those in the OP. Anyway, I hope this helps get started on answering the question.
[li]Angstrom (1814 – 1874)[/li][li]Celsius (1701 - 1744)[/li][li]Fahrenheit (1686 – 1736)[/li][li]Kelvin (1824 – 1907)[/li][li]Newton (1643 – 1727)[/li][li]Joule (1818 - 1889)[/li][li]Watt (1736 – 1819)[/li][li]Pascal (1623 - 1662)[/li][li]Hertz (1857 - 1894)[/li][li]Ampere (1775 – 1836)[/li][li]Coulomb (1736 – 1806)[/li][li]Volta (1745 - 1827)[/li][li]Ohm (1789 - 1854)[/li][li]Henry (1797 – 1878) [/li][li]Faraday (1791 – 1867)[/li][li]Gauss (1777 – 1855)[/li][li]Tesla (1856 - 1943)[/li][li]Weber (1804 - 1891)[/li][/ul]
Bonus Question 1: How many of these scientists’ first names do you know without looking? I could only get two.
Bonus Question 2: You already know that the unit of capacitance, the farad, is named for Faraday. But what other unit is named for him?
Obligatory joke: All the great physicists of history are playing tag up in heaven, and Einstein (who is currently “it”) sees Newton and starts running for him. Newton looks back, sees Einsten coming, and quickly pulls a piece of chalk out of his pocket, and draws a large square on the ground, then steps directly into the center of the square. “Aha! I’ve got you!” cries Einstein, as he tags Newton. “No, you haven’t,” Newton answers, "You see, you’ve got Newton… over a square meter. So actually you got Pascal.