All right, let’s nip this in the bud right now!
No matter where someone learned to fly (Navy or Air Force) they can and will be trained how to properly land their airplane. A guy who flew F-14s in the Navy is not going to prang on that MD-88 because he hasn’t “unlearned” his Navy ways. Sometimes the wind and weather get the best of you.
This does not prevent us from giving each other shit when someone plants one on. Heck, when I oafed up a landing and stood in shame at the front of the airplane I got about 10 “Hey, nice Navy landing” from the passengers. I didn’t correct them - they’ll never remeber me, but they’ll wish they had an Air Force guy flying them next time! (And I was Air Force trained - but I’ll let the Navy take the bad rap for every hard landing I have!)
Also some airports demand that we touch down, ahem, firmly and in the first 1000’ feet or so of runway. Examples of this are LaGuardia, San Diego, and Burbank.
The bottom line is that the “Navy landing” thing is just a way to rib the guy who almost jammed the landing gear through the wing. It might have had some truth to it back in the 50s or 60s but these days the training and the simulators are just too good for this to happen with any regularity.
The steep takeoffs are usually caused by two things: noise abatement requirements or performance requirements.
For noise abatement you try to get the airplane as high as possible as quickly as possible. This might involve flying a slower than normal speed and not cleaning up (ie retracting flaps) until a higher altitude. This means that you keep your steeper climb angle for a longer time, making it feel like a much more dramatic climb.
Performance requirements (ie a short runway) might demand the use of max power (the name you love to say!) for takeoff. Most takeoffs are done at reduced power - this not only reduces noise but also incresases the lifespan of the engines and greatly reduces the chance of an engine failure. Using max power the airplane will accelerate quicker and climb faster than when using normal/standard power.
Now if you get an airport with a short runway that also has noise abatement requirements (I’m looking at you John Wayne) then you can get some very steep-feeling climbs.