This is actually 3 connected questions:
A) Who determines an animal’s official Latin name? (Is this the discoverer?)
B) What are the procedures for naming an animal?
C) How does one determine that a given animal hasn’t already been named?
The reason I was wondering was that I have recently discovered a small (10cm max length) animal living in Saudi Arabia. The things initially looks like a worm but when examined it closely is actually a snake. About as thick as a match-stick and coal-black. There is a tiny, flickering tongue that is so small as to be barely visible. The thing is a burrower and moves like a snake (wriggling instead of expanding and contracting like a worm) when it is on the surface.
Anyway, an interesting beast that lacks any kind of a name, even among the locals. The Arabs call it a worm but that isn’t right at all.
I’m unable to find any references to this thing at all, on-line or otherwise. Admittedly I don’t have access to many of the herpetology references that would be handy si I’ll probably wind up looking like an idiot over this question but there it is anyway. S