Pay for it with their life
Even their family and dear ones did not believe their side of whatever it was
Lost everything they had
Were actually harmless and completely normal person
Had a horrible life because of it
Is there anyone in recent history who was terribly treated by society
Little is known of her life but her dramatic death at the hands of Christian fanatics is well-documented.
She was the daughter of the mathematician Theon, the last Professor at the University of Alexandria, who tutored her in math, astronomy, and the philosophy of the day which, in modern times, would be considered science.
Undoubtedly not the most wronged person in history, but Catherine O’Leary, an Irish immigrant who lived in Chicago in 1871, was widely blamed at the time for starting what became the Great Chicago Fire, when her cow allegedly kicked over a lantern.
The newspaper reporter who wrote the story admitted, decades later, that he made the entire thing up, but O’Leary and her family became scapegoats for the devastating fire, and she spent the rest of her life being blamed and harassed over it.
Ignaz Semmelweis should probably be on the short list:
Before the germ theory of disease and Lister’s work on antisepsis was fully recognized, Semmelweis figured out that doctors were causing untold suffering and death by attending births after examining corpses.
Unfortunately, he couldn’t quite figure out the actual mechanism, and we now know that some of his ideas about the causal mechanisms were badly wrong. But his data on maternal and infant mortality in wards where the attending physicians regularly examined corpses vs. wards where births were attended by midwives (who didn’t handle corpses) were unassailable. Or should have been. He definitely got assailed.
He wasn’t wholly without support, but by and large the medical establishment rejected his findings, he was roundly criticized and mocked, and eventually had a nervous breakdown. Or at least his colleagues claimed that he did*, and had him involuntarily committed to an asylum, where he was beaten by guards and died 14 days later.
*It’s certainly entirely plausible that he really did have a nervous breakdown: he definitely was under a lot of stress, between the unrelenting criticism, mockery and ostracism from many of his colleagues on the one hand, and his knowledge that thousands of women and infants were unnecessarily dying every year because those colleagues wouldn’t listen to him on the other hand. But there’s been speculation ever since that his colleagues had him committed just to shut him up.
Maybe not most wronged, but Mary Wollstonecraft perhaps deserves an honorable mention for most ironic. A brilliant and complex woman, Wollstonecrafts legacy was tainted for centuries by a memoir her widowed husband apparently published as a sincere homage to her life. His open discussion of his late pre-marital wife’s affairs , illegitimate child, and heterodox views was too shocking for anyone to look past.
She’s more remembered today as the mother of Mary Shelly, but was extraordinary in her own right.
As a French Army captain, he was framed for treason (passing military secrets to Germany) and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil’s Island, later pardoned but only after his health had been severely affected. He was ultimately exonerated after a military coverup was exposed and the true traitor identified. Dreyfus survived an assassination attempt when he was shot by a right-wing journalist, eventually returning to the Army and serving in WWI.
I don’t think his family ever abandoned him though.
There was a 13yo girl who’s dad thought she would enjoy starring in a music video as a birthday present, so he set it up, got it done, only to have his teenaged daughter literally dragged by the entire Internet… including, to our shame, us… when it was released.