According to Wikipedia:
The available manpower for the various branches of the [Russian] Armed Forces was estimated at 36 million in 2003… As of 2005, some 330,000 young men are brought into the army via conscription in two call-ups each year. Conscripts are supposed to serve for two years (but only 9% do, according to the Defence Ministry), though this commitment is set to be reduced to one year in 2008. Russian officials say that they plan to achieve a 70% volunteer force by that year.
Even with oil sales bringing in lots o’ cash lately, my understanding is that Russia is having some budgetary problems. So few turn up after being conscripted due to the notorious, and often lethal, hazing that goes on, IIRC. Does Russia not go immediately to an all-volunteer force due to the manpower demands of the Chechen conflict, because of transition costs, mere nostalgia for a big army from the “glorious” days of Soviet rule, or something (or things) else?