But then, you still have the issue that the feds have the passport. Presumably, unless the state trooper is standing there at the federal courthouse when the property clerk(?) hands back the passport, there will be a short time where the perp has the passport. Presumably he’s under orders to surrender it, if the bail conditions anticipated this. However, if he was arraigned stately while on bail federally, would the court even think about the possibility the feds would hand the passport back (or is that a boilerplate condition? I presume even “don’t leave the state” is a condition?) Then, the perp would be risking being jailed for violating conditions if he did not expeditiously take the passport to the state courthouse? So if you plan to depart, make it quick, before the state troopers get wind of the handback.
Also note if you claim the passport is lost, then that fact would probably be relayed to the state department, making the passport useless where a country’s entry customs computers are connected to the net.